Seminar Questions:

  1. Is there a “responsibility to protect”? Should there be a responsibility to protect?
  2. What has been the impact of the war on terror on humanitarian intervention?
  3. Does Blair’s “Doctrine of the International Community” still apply after the 2003 Iraq War? After Syria?


Baylis, Smith and Owens, The Globalization of World Politics, Chapter 31

A. Bellamy, "The Responsibility to Protect and the problem of military intervention ", International Affairs, 84(4), 2008.

A. Bellamy, "Preventing Future Kosovos and Future Rwanadas: The Responsibility to Protect after the 2005 World Summit", New York: Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, 2006.

Blair, T.  (1999) ‘Doctrine of International Community’ Chicago 22 April

Dunne, T. and N. Wheeler, ‘Hedley Bull’s Pluralism of the Intellect and Solidarism of the Will’ International Affairs (72), 1996.  91-107

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, The Responsibility to Protect (available online)

Other Readings:

L. Arbour,  “The Responsibility to Protect as a Duty of Care in International Law and Practice”, Review of International Studies, Vol. 34 (2008), pp. 445–58.

A. Bellamy, "The United Nations Security Council and Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq", Journal of Military Ethics, Vol 5(2), 2006.

C. Brown, Sovereignty, Rights and Justice, 2002. Chapters 6 and 8

S. Carvin, “A Responsibility to Reality: A Reply to Louise Arbour”, Review of International Studies, Volume 36, 47–54, 2010.

Gareth Evans and Mohamed Sahnoun, “The Responsibility to Protect”, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 81 Issue 6, Nov/Dec 2002

M. Ignatieff, "The Duty to Protect, Still Urgent", New York Times, 14 September, 2013. 

J. T. Johnson, "Humanitarian Intervention After Iraq", Journal of Military Ethics, 5(2), 2006.

J. Moore, ed. Hard Choices: Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention, 1998.

F. Teson, "Eight Principles for Humanitarian Intervention", Journal of  Military Ethics Vol 5(2), 2006.

J. Welsh, Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations, 2004.

N. Wheeler, Saving Strangers, 2000.  

N. Wheeler, “Pluralist and Solidarist Conceptions of International Society: Bull and Vincent on Humanitarian Intervention” Millennium (21), 1992. pp. 463-87. 

Suggested movie: Shake Hands With the Devil (2007) - The story of General Romeo Dallaire's frustrated efforts to stop the madness of the Rwandan Genocide, despite the complete indifference of his superiors. (Or see the 2004 Documentary of the same name.)